The HIV/AIDS epidemic is claiming the lives of the most productive, energetic and educated segments of the population in the city. The adult prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS in the city has increased from 7.2% in 2004 to 7.5% in 2007. It is

projected to be 7.9%, 8.5% and 9.2 % in the years 2008, 2009, and 2010.

HIV/AIDS Prevalence Rate in Addis Ababa – 2007

The adult HIV incidence rate in the city is estimated to be 1.52% in 2007. The toll of death due to HIV/AIDS in Addis Ababa is enormous. Nearly half of the death is due to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The annual HIV/AIDS deaths in 2007 is estimated to be 41,433 and will increase at an annual average rate of 43% from the year 2008 to 2010.

The number of children (0-14) living with HIV/AIDS in 2007 is estimated to be 6,097 and this figure will substantially increases in the coming three years at the rate of 2%, 7.3% and 16.3% in 2008, 2009 and 2010 respectively. Additionally, in each year the number of new HIV/AIDS infection will also increase. The number of HIV/AIDS infection in 2007 is 808 and it will rise to 967 in 2010. The annual HIV/AIDS deaths decreased substantially from 892 in 2005 to 539 in 2007 and will also decrease in 2010 to 184. This decrease is a result of ART. The ART needs for this category of population in 2006 was 1,234 in 2007 it became 1,405 and 2008 it will be 2080. However the adult ART needs is by far greater than that of children’s. In 2006 it was 38,954, in 2007 it is 41,433 and the need will increase in 2008, 2009 and 2010 which will be 48, 846, 59,335 and 70,097 correspondingly. One of the costs of HIV AIDs is leaving children with out farther, mother or both. In line with this the total number AIDS orphan in the city in the past three years was127, 064,125 062 and 121,111. The magnitude of this problem in 2007 is 112,617 and it is hoped will be reduced in the coming three years will be 101, 995, 93,289 and 83,633.The number of HIV –positive pregnant women since the past three years (2004-06) shows increasing at an annual average rate of 3%. Currently the number is 6,223 and it also will be expected to be increased in the year 2008 through 2010 at annual average rate of 25.9%.